Understanding Disabilities

Disability is a human rights issue and Disability is also a development issue. People with disabilities should not be considered “objects” to be managed, but “subjects” deserving of equal respect and enjoyment of human rights. In most of the families the onset of disability may lead to the worsening of social and economic well-being and poverty through a multitude of channels including the adverse impact on education, employment, earnings, and increased expenditures related to disability.

Disability needs to be a higher priority by society & government and successful initiatives need to be scaled up, and a more coherent response is needed from all stakeholders. In addition, people with disabilities need to be included in development efforts, both as beneficiaries and in the design, implementation, and monitoring of interventions. So it is necessary to understand disability by everyone.

21 Types of Disabilities

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Specific Learning Disability

Disability Acts

RPWD Act English & RPWD Act Kannada, RPWD Act Presentation

Rights of Persons with Disabilities (RPwD) Act 2016 replaces the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. It fulfils the obligations to the United National Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), to which India is a signatory. 

According to the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (RPwD) Act 2016, enacted on 28.12.2016 and came into force from 19.04.2017, Disability has been defined based on an evolving and dynamic concept.

Mental Health Act

The Rehabilitation Council of India was set up by the Government of India in 1986 to regulate and standardize training policies and programs for the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. So the very next year Mental Health Act (1987) come into existence. The Mental Health Act is a civil rights legislation that focuses on regulating standards in mental health institutions.

NGO Regulations & Acts

Every NGO in India legally requires compulsory documents to run its activities/services smoothly. The key legal documents which the NGOs should obsess are: trust deed/ Memorandum of Understanding/Bylaws, 80G, 12A, PAN, Bank Account etc and should maintain transparency in all its operations.

Process Documents

CSR in India

CSR Policy

MCA Notification

Government schemes

The Schemes and programs are planned and designed for the empower of Persons with Disabilities (PwDs).


NGO Members Directory

Gives information on Name, contact details and key programs of member organizations of DNA in Karnataka.


DNA Talks

DNA Talk is the online platform to share knowledge and best practices related to disability sector. It gives space for cross learning and encourages to build networking and collaboration within DNA member organizations and external personnel/organizations or with Government Departments.

DNA Talk